PSPI Live is a series of 60-minute live events highlighting recent or upcoming papers published in the APS journal Psychological Science in the Public Interest (PSPI). Speakers include the authors, policymakers, or representatives of important stakeholder groups.
What leads people to accept alcoholism, heroin addiction, and other forms of substance dependence as chronic health conditions? And how can that acceptance foster a supportive environment for the individuals struggling with substance use disorders?
An October 25 APS PSPI Live webinar—an online webinar series that explores recent or upcoming papers published in the APS journal Psychological Science in the Public Interest—addressed those questions. Moderated by the editor of the journal, APS Fellow and Charter Member Nora Newcombe (Temple University), the webinar looked at substance dependence from a nuanced perspective that goes beyond common misconceptions. APS Fellow Anne C. Krendl (Indiana University), the author of a forthcoming issue of PSPI titled “Stigma Toward Substance Dependence: Causes, Consequences, and Potential Interventions” (Krendl & Perry, 2023) shared her evidence-based insights and advised the audience to approach the issue as an emerging public health problem.
Krendl highlighted the consequences of living as an addict, such as unemployment and barriers to housing access, complicated interpersonal relationships, and disrupted mental and physical well-being. She also addressed possible interventions to help people who are struggling with addiction overcome those troubles and discussed the social and emotional barriers to behavior change in addiction contexts, such as anxiety, embarrassment, and difficulty finding supportive relationships.
Relatedly, Seth Mnookin, the director of the Graduate Program in Science Writing at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, talked about the role of open communication in changing the stigma around individuals struggling with substance dependence.
Mnookin, who for more than a decade has written about his own experience with addiction, explained that many people assume individuals struggling with substance use disorders come from specific socioeconomic conditions, like low-income settings. He discussed the harmful consequences of this bias, such as shame in accepting one’s addictive behavior and isolation from loved ones. Because people do not associate addiction with individuals coming from educated families with a reasonable income status, such individuals with addictions and their families have difficulty disclosing their situation and seeking help.
Finally, Rachael Cooper, who is the senior director of the National Stigma Initiative at Shatterproof, added that behavior change for individuals struggling with addiction is complex. Living with addiction and sustaining this through harm reduction, which focuses on reducing the negative consequences of addiction, creates a less stigma-driven approach than a full-recovery goal, the speakers agreed.
A recording of the symposium is available below for registrants and APS members.
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